Prostatitis can cause a variety of different symptoms, including:. Prostatitis can be treated in different ways depending on the cause. You may have a course of antibiotics to clear up any bacterial infection. This is usually a course of tablets. However, if you have a fever and chills, your doctor may suggest you have antibiotics through a tube into a vein intravenously, IV. Your doctor may also suggest painkillers such as ibuprofen.
If you have chronic prostatitis, you may have other medicines called alpha-blockers as well.
For some men with chronic prostatitis, symptoms can come and go for months or even years. If so, your GP may refer you to a urologist, a doctor who specialises in treating conditions affecting the urinary system. Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men in the UK. It is often slow-growing so may not cause problems for many years, if ever. However, in some people the cancer grows quickly and may spread to other parts of the body.
Prostate cancer mainly affects men over 65, although one in five men who get it will be under that age. Symptoms may include difficulties with peeing — see our symptoms section. If the cancer is advanced, your symptoms may include tiredness, weight loss, pain in your bones and blood in your urine. If you have a very slow-growing prostate cancer, your cancer specialist may keep an eye on it, but not actively treat it straight away.
This is called active monitoring or watchful waiting. If you have a faster growing prostate cancer, you may have hormone therapy, surgery, chemotherapy , radiotherapy or a combination of these. Your treatment depends on whether your cancer has spread, the risk of side-effects and your personal preference. Get a picture of your current health and potential future health risks with one of our health assessments. Find out more today.
If you have any signs or symptoms of prostate problems, you should contact your GP — no matter how old you are. Your GP will ask about your symptoms and how they affect your day-to-day life. Your GP will examine you.
This usually includes a rectal examination to check the size and feel of your prostate. See our FAQ: What happens during a rectal examination? Your GP may also ask you for a urine sample. They may do some tests on your urine in the surgery to see if you have an infection. They may also send a sample to the laboratory for further testing. You may be asked to take away a chart to fill in at home. Over at least three days, you record how much you drink and how often you pee.
You measure and record the amount you pee each time and whether you have leaking after peeing.
This blood test is often used in men who have problems passing urine. Having a raised PSA might be a sign of prostate cancer, but this is not always the case. PSA level increases naturally with age and may be raised for other reasons such as infection or an enlarged prostate that is not cancerous. There is always research looking into how to prevent prostate problems. These include your age, family history and ethnicity. You can make changes to your lifestyle that may make a difference to your prostate cancer risk. Men who are overweight or obese have a greater chance of developing a faster growing prostate cancer.
Exercising regularly may help to reduce your risk by helping you to keep to a healthy weight.
It used to be thought that eating some specific foods reduced prostate cancer risk. Experts now think this is less likely, but there is some limited evidence that eating a lot of dairy foods may increase risk. So, think about losing any excess weight , eating a healthy diet and taking regular exercise. Getting it checked out can give you peace of mind. If you have symptoms of prostate problems, your GP will probably recommend that you have a rectal examination. They will feel your prostate through the wall of your rectum back passage with their finger.
Your doctor will make sure that the examination is done privately. You may be behind a curtain or they may lock the door so that no one comes in unexpectedly. You can ask to have someone with you during the examination if you wish.
The Prostate Cancer Dilemma - The Atlantic
You remove your lower clothing and lie on your left side on the couch, with your knees drawn up. Your GP will put on a glove and lubricate their fingers with gel. They will gently and slowly slide one finger into your back passage until they can feel your prostate gland. You may feel their finger moving around.
They will check whether or not the prostate is enlarged, and if it has any hard or lumpy areas. Normally, the prostate feels smooth. If you need some tissue to wipe away any excess gel, your GP will give you some. You can then get dressed again and your GP will discuss what they found. At Bupa we produce a wealth of free health information for you and your family. We believe that trustworthy information is essential in helping you make better decisions about your health and care. Look out for the quality marks on our pages below.
And if there's a question you want to ask that hasn't been answered here, please submit it to us. This information was published by Bupa's Health Content Team and is based on reputable sources of medical evidence.
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